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Le Parlement européen préfère la suppression des sites mais n’interdit pas le filtrage du Net

February 15, 2011

Certes, le résultat du vote d’hier soir n’est pas parfait mais il s’agit tout de même d’une petite victoire sur le filtrage des sites Internet en Europe. Les députés européens de la Commission des libertés civiles, de la justice et des affaires intérieures (LIBE) ont décidé que :

  • Le blocage des sites en Europe n’est pas obligatoire.
  • Tous ce qui fait référence à « l’autorégulation » et donc à une censure privée a été supprimé.
  • Tous ce qui fait référence aux „mesures non-législatives“ a été supprimé.
  • Si les pays membres souhaitent filtrer (comme c’est déjà le cas en France), il faut une base juridique avec la possibilité de recours.
  • Il est uniquement permis de filtrer s’il y a preuve que la suppression est „impossible“.

Malheureusement, l’intervention du juge n’a pas trouvé de majorité suite à un amendement oral lors du vote. Ce vote servira maintenant pour les négociations avec le Conseil et la Commission.

Nous espérons évidemment que cette future directive aura également des conséquences pour la loi LOPPSI2. Bien sûr il faudra attendre la fin des négociations avant de pouvoir analyser cela vis à vis de l’article 4 de la loi LOPPSI2 (pdf) qui met en œuvre le filtrage du Net. En France, cet article confie à une autorité administrative, sans intervention d’un juge, le blocage des contenus pédopornographiques à l’aide d’une liste noire confidentielle.

Voici le texte adopté :

Article 21

Measures addressing websites containing or disseminating child pornography or child abuse material

1. Member States shall take the necessary legislative measures to obtain the removal at source of Internet pages containing or disseminating child pornography or child abuse material. Internet pages containing such material shall be removed, especially when originating from an EU Member State. In addition, the EU shall cooperate with third countries in securing the prompt removal of such content from servers in their territory.

2. When removal at source of Internet pages containing or disseminating child pornography or child abuse material is impossible to achieve, Member States may take the necessary measures in accordance with national legislation to prevent access to such content in their territory. These measures must be set by transparent procedures and provide adequate safeguards, in particular to ensure that the restriction is limited to what is necessary and proportionate, and that users are informed of the reason for the restriction. Content providers and users shall be informed of the possibility to whom to appeal under a judicial redress procedure.

2a. Any measure under paragraphs 1 and 2 shall respect fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons, as guaranteed by the European Convention of the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and general principles of Union law. Those measures shall provide for prior authorisation in accordance with national law, and the right to an effective and timely judicial redress.
2b. The European Commission shall submit to the European Parliament an annual report on the activities undertaken by Member States to remove child sexual abuse material from Internet pages.

Recital 13

(13) Child pornography, which constitutes child abuse material, is a specific type of content which cannot be construed as the expression of an opinion. To combat it, it is necessary to ensure as quickly as possible the full removal at source of Internet pages containing or disseminating child pornography or child abuse material and to identify the offenders to start procedures against them, as the investigation and prosecution of such crimes should be a priority. Any webpage originating from an EU Member State and containing sexual abuse material of children should be removed. The EU, in particular through increased cooperation with third countries and international organisations and with the help of bilateral or multilateral agreements, should seek to facilitate the effective removal by third country authorities of websites containing child pornography or child abuse material, which are hosted in their territory, as well as concurrent criminal prosecution of persons who placed such content on or distributed it over the internet. In that regard international cooperation between judicial and police authorities should be strengthened and reporting points put in place. However, should despite such efforts the removal at source of Internet pages containing or disseminating child pornography or child abuse material prove impossible to achieve where the original materials are not located within the EU, either because the State where the servers are hosted is not willing to cooperate or because the procedure for removal of the material in the State concerned proves to be particularly long, Member States may take the necessary measures in accordance with national legislation to prevent access to such content in their territory. There should be strengthened cooperation between public authorities, particularly in the interest of ensuring that information regarding websites containing child pornography or child abuse material is as complete as possible and of avoiding duplication of work. Any such measure must be in accordance with national legislation, respect the rights of the end users, adhere to legal and judicial procedures and comply with the European Convention on Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The Safer Internet Programme has set up a network of hotlines whose goal is to collect information and to ensure coverage and exchange of reports on the major types of illegal content online.


Un grand merci aux organisations MOGiS et EDRi pour la défense des droits civils et pour le travail immense sur ce dossier!


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